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The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Sub-Regional Office for the Caribbean/Barbados is working to strengthen the evidence base on adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health and rights in four countries: Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines.   The research presented in this document aims to generate new knowledge and provide the baseline data to inform the development of programmes to support adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health and rights. It also aims to inform UNFPA’s 2012 – 2016 programme of assistance to these English-speaking Windward Islands. The research comprises three components: Desk review; Consultations through interviews with key stakeholders; and Focus group discussions with young people.

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"Motherhood in childhood” offers a new perspective on adolescent pregnancy, looking not only at the girls’ behaviour as a cause of early pregnancy, but also at the actions of their families, communities and governments.   “Too often, society blames only the girl for getting pregnant,” said UNFPA Executive Director, Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin. “The reality is that adolescent pregnancy is most often not the result of a deliberate choice, but rather the absence of choices, and of circumstances beyond a girl’s control. It is a consequence of little or no access to school, employment, quality information and health care.”

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UNFPA TT Voice will be an annual publication that aims to provide a conduit of information through which UNFPA Trinidad and Tobago‘s Office (TTO) will update all actors on the work being done, not only by our office, but also, by our partners throughout T&T.

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To date, responses to the HIV epidemic by both the international development community and national governments are still primarily bio-medical. Specifically there is a concentration on treatment and care rather than on prevention and support services, which would both require increased emphasis on psycho-social programming for vulnerable groups.

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The spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—a pathogen transmitted in most cases by sexual activity—is a clear example of the urgency of tackling the issue of sexuality head on and understanding how it relates to the health and well-being of women and men and the population as a whole. 

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The average life expectancy at birth in 2006 was 65 for males and 74 for females. The national poverty rate has increased, from 33% in 2001 to 41.3% in 2010. In 2005, the maternal mortality ratio was 134 per 100,000 live births with 60% of deaths due to eclampsia. The proportion of under-five and under one deaths occurring in the neonatal period is at 40 and 60% respectively, similarly to other Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries. Belize is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Millennium Development Goals. 

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This study is commissioned by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as part of its Comprehensive Condom Programming (CCP) initiative. The study objectives are to:

  • Provide actionable evidence for social marketing decision making for sex workers;
  • Identify levels and trends in behavior, risk, opportunity, ability, and motivation constructs; and
  • Determine which group and subgroup determinants affect decision to use condoms. 
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The objectives of the study were as follows:

  1. To increase the knowledge base on youth and masculinity in St.Vincent and the Grenadines.
  2. To provide data necessary to inform the development of youth-responsive programmes and policies in the following areas: education (including sexual and reproductive health) for in-school and out of school youth, job training/employment; violence prevention (including violence against women and girls); youth-friendly spaces (i.e. spaces off the street where youth can access information on employment/jobs, information on sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention; violence prevention services).
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Ms. Ruth Henry, who is now a third year LLB student at the Faculty of Law, UWI Cave Hill Campus worked with UNFPA over the summer as an intern. As part of her internship requirement she conducted a Legal Gap Analysis on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Barbados.  The findings are in this document.

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The milestone of 7 billion—projected to be reached on 31 October 2011 will be marked by achievements, setbacks and paradoxes. While women are on average having fewer children than they were in the 1960s, our numbers continue to rise. Globally, people are younger and older than ever before. In some of the poorest countries, high fertility rates hamper development and perpetuate poverty, while in some of the richest countries, low fertility rates and too few people entering the job market are raising concerns about prospects for sustained economic growth and the viability of social security systems.

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