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Parliamentarians from across the Caribbean met in Jamaica November 9-10, 2011 for a Regional Consultation of Parliamentarians on Preventing Gender-based Violence under the theme “Building Political Will to End Gender-Based Violence.” The objectives of the meeting were to increase awareness of gender based violence and violence against women among parliamentarians and to build political will among them to take actions to end this violation of human rights.
The meeting was coordinated by the Jamaica-based, UNFPA -Caribbean Sub Regional Office in collaboration with UN Women, the Inter-American Parliamentary Group on Population and Development (IAPG), the Caribbean Network of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (CNPPD), and the CARICOM Secretariat.

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The spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—a pathogen transmitted in most cases by sexual activity—is a clear example of the urgency of tackling the issue of sexuality head on and understanding how it relates to the health and well-being of women and men and the population as a whole. 

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The average life expectancy at birth in 2006 was 65 for males and 74 for females. The national poverty rate has increased, from 33% in 2001 to 41.3% in 2010. In 2005, the maternal mortality ratio was 134 per 100,000 live births with 60% of deaths due to eclampsia. The proportion of under-five and under one deaths occurring in the neonatal period is at 40 and 60% respectively, similarly to other Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries. Belize is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Millennium Development Goals. 

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Gender-based violence is an umbrella term for any harmful act perpetrated on the basis of socially constructed gender roles. 

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Strategic Plan 2008-2013 Development Results Framework

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Youths under 25 years make up almost 50 percent of the population in Guyana. According to the 2002 Population and Housing Census, adolescents aged 10–14 years accounted for 10.8 percent while the 15– 19 year-olds accounted for 8.9 percent of the population. According to the PAHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2010 - 2015, the main health problems faced by youth in Guyana include the lack of user friendly services, inadequate access to dental and physical exams, unsafe sexual and other lifestyle behaviours leading to STIs, such as HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancy. Alcohol and other forms of substance abuse are considered to be serious problems. A national survey among school children showed that 11.6 percent had used marijuana or other drugs at least once and one in three students had consumed alcohol at least once while 50 percent had their first drink before 13 years of age (Global School Health Survey, Guyana report 2004). In addition, the five leading causes of death among adolescents were: suicide (17.8%), followed by land transport accidents (14%), homicide (7.8%), HIV and AIDS (6.2%), and events of undetermined intent (6.2%) (Guyana Bureau of Statistics). In order to make health services friendlier, the Ministry of Health recently developed a strategic plan in 2007 to address the health needs of young people.

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The findings of this report were intended to generate baseline data, identify gaps and make recommendations. To this end, a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was carried out among hearing impaired adolescents and adult population in May and June of 2010. 

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At the International Conference on Population on Development (ICPD) held in 1994 in Cairo, Egypt, industrialized and developing countries alike forged an inspiring and farsighted plan that integrated a wide range of population, development and human rights issues into a blueprint for 20 years of action.  Concrete goals of the ICPD centered on providing universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care, including family planning, assisted childbirth and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS.  This year (2009) marks the 15th anniversaryof the ICPD and reminds us of the five years remaining to fulfill the commitments made in Cairo.

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While this generation of young people face many challenges and risks that impact directly on their physical, emotional and mental health and well-being there are enormous opportunities and benefits that could accrue to the Region by investing in young people.

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St. Vincent and the Grenadines has made remarkable achievement in health care over the past twenty years. Since the declaration of Health for all by the year 2000, at Alma Ata in 1978 the health indicators have shown significant improvement.  The natural growth rate of the population has fallen over this period from 2.8 to 2.4, the total fertility rate is 2.4 and the population grows at a rate of 0.13% per annum with a dependency ratio of 61%.  Life expectancy at birth has been estimated at 72 years and infant mortality rate is 16.3 percent per 1000 live births.

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