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There are many types of sexual violence as it encompasses a range of offenses, including:

  • completed non-consensual sex act (i.e. rape),
  • Attempted non-consensual sex act (i.e., attempted rape)
  • Abusice sexual contact (i.e., unwanted touching), and
  • Non-contact sexual abuse (e.g., threatened sexual violence, exhibitionism, verbal sexual harrassment)
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The biomedical approach focuses on risk behaviour rather than on the social determinants or root causes of the HIV epidemic. It has not been widely recognized that the epidemic is in fact a product of a problematic approach to sexual and reproductive health – one that creates and perpetuates vulnerability. Cultural beliefs and attitudes related to gender and sexuality continue to permeate the fabric of social systems including the health sector, legal systems and governance frameworks in general.

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The average life expectancy at birth in 2006 was 65 for males and 74 for females. The national poverty rate has increased, from 33% in 2001 to 41.3% in 2010. In 2005, the maternal mortality ratio was 134 per 100,000 live births with 60% of deaths due to eclampsia. The proportion of under-five and under one deaths occurring in the neonatal period is at 40 and 60% respectively, similarly to other Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries. Belize is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Millennium Development Goals. 

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This study is commissioned by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as part of its Comprehensive Condom Programming (CCP) initiative. The study objectives are to:

  • Provide actionable evidence for social marketing decision making for sex workers;
  • Identify levels and trends in behavior, risk, opportunity, ability, and motivation constructs; and
  • Determine which group and subgroup determinants affect decision to use condoms. 
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The spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—a pathogen transmitted in most cases by sexual activity—is a clear example of the urgency of tackling the issue of sexuality head on and understanding how it relates to the health and well-being of women and men and the population as a whole. 

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The milestone of 7 billion—projected to be reached on 31 October 2011 will be marked by achievements, setbacks and paradoxes. While women are on average having fewer children than they were in the 1960s, our numbers continue to rise. Globally, people are younger and older than ever before. In some of the poorest countries, high fertility rates hamper development and perpetuate poverty, while in some of the richest countries, low fertility rates and too few people entering the job market are raising concerns about prospects for sustained economic growth and the viability of social security systems.

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The objectives of the study were as follows:

  1. To increase the knowledge base on youth and masculinity in St.Vincent and the Grenadines.
  2. To provide data necessary to inform the development of youth-responsive programmes and policies in the following areas: education (including sexual and reproductive health) for in-school and out of school youth, job training/employment; violence prevention (including violence against women and girls); youth-friendly spaces (i.e. spaces off the street where youth can access information on employment/jobs, information on sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention; violence prevention services).
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Ms. Ruth Henry, who is now a third year LLB student at the Faculty of Law, UWI Cave Hill Campus worked with UNFPA over the summer as an intern. As part of her internship requirement she conducted a Legal Gap Analysis on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Barbados.  The findings are in this document.

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Parliamentarians from across the Caribbean met in Jamaica November 9-10, 2011 for a Regional Consultation of Parliamentarians on Preventing Gender-based Violence under the theme “Building Political Will to End Gender-Based Violence.” The objectives of the meeting were to increase awareness of gender based violence and violence against women among parliamentarians and to build political will among them to take actions to end this violation of human rights.The meeting was coordinated by the Jamaica-based, UNFPA -Caribbean Sub Regional Office in collaboration with UN Women, the Inter-American Parliamentary Group on Population and Development (IAPG), the Caribbean Network of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (CNPPD), and the CARICOM Secretariat.

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The tool - developed by IPPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP+, ICW and Young Positives in 2009 - supports national assessments of the bi-directional linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV at the policy, systems and services levels.

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