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This study is commissioned by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as part of its Comprehensive Condom Programming (CCP) initiative. The study objectives are to:

  • Provide actionable evidence for social marketing decision making for sex workers;
  • Identify levels and trends in behavior, risk, opportunity, ability, and motivation constructs; and
  • Determine which group and subgroup determinants affect decision to use condoms. 
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The objectives of the study were as follows:

  1. To increase the knowledge base on youth and masculinity in St.Vincent and the Grenadines.
  2. To provide data necessary to inform the development of youth-responsive programmes and policies in the following areas: education (including sexual and reproductive health) for in-school and out of school youth, job training/employment; violence prevention (including violence against women and girls); youth-friendly spaces (i.e. spaces off the street where youth can access information on employment/jobs, information on sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention; violence prevention services).
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Ms. Ruth Henry, who is now a third year LLB student at the Faculty of Law, UWI Cave Hill Campus worked with UNFPA over the summer as an intern. As part of her internship requirement she conducted a Legal Gap Analysis on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Barbados.  The findings are in this document.

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The milestone of 7 billion—projected to be reached on 31 October 2011 will be marked by achievements, setbacks and paradoxes. While women are on average having fewer children than they were in the 1960s, our numbers continue to rise. Globally, people are younger and older than ever before. In some of the poorest countries, high fertility rates hamper development and perpetuate poverty, while in some of the richest countries, low fertility rates and too few people entering the job market are raising concerns about prospects for sustained economic growth and the viability of social security systems.

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Youths under 25 years make up almost 50 percent of the population in Guyana. According to the 2002 Population and Housing Census, adolescents aged 10–14 years accounted for 10.8 percent while the 15– 19 year-olds accounted for 8.9 percent of the population. According to the PAHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2010 - 2015, the main health problems faced by youth in Guyana include the lack of user friendly services, inadequate access to dental and physical exams, unsafe sexual and other lifestyle behaviours leading to STIs, such as HIV/AIDS, and teenage pregnancy. Alcohol and other forms of substance abuse are considered to be serious problems. A national survey among school children showed that 11.6 percent had used marijuana or other drugs at least once and one in three students had consumed alcohol at least once while 50 percent had their first drink before 13 years of age (Global School Health Survey, Guyana report 2004). In addition, the five leading causes of death among adolescents were: suicide (17.8%), followed by land transport accidents (14%), homicide (7.8%), HIV and AIDS (6.2%), and events of undetermined intent (6.2%) (Guyana Bureau of Statistics). In order to make health services friendlier, the Ministry of Health recently developed a strategic plan in 2007 to address the health needs of young people.

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The findings of this report were intended to generate baseline data, identify gaps and make recommendations. To this end, a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was carried out among hearing impaired adolescents and adult population in May and June of 2010. 

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Gender-based violence is an umbrella term for any harmful act perpetrated on the basis of socially constructed gender roles. 

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Strategic Plan 2008-2013 Development Results Framework

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While this generation of young people face many challenges and risks that impact directly on their physical, emotional and mental health and well-being there are enormous opportunities and benefits that could accrue to the Region by investing in young people.

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At the International Conference on Population on Development (ICPD) held in 1994 in Cairo, Egypt, industrialized and developing countries alike forged an inspiring and farsighted plan that integrated a wide range of population, development and human rights issues into a blueprint for 20 years of action.  Concrete goals of the ICPD centered on providing universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care, including family planning, assisted childbirth and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS.  This year (2009) marks the 15th anniversaryof the ICPD and reminds us of the five years remaining to fulfill the commitments made in Cairo.

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