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While the year 2009 proved to be particularly challenging for Jamaica in light of an increasing debt burden, increasing unemployment and the outbreak of the AH1N1 virus, several achievements were realized with UNFPA's support. These are outlined according to the three main areas of work, sexual and reproductive health, population and development and gender.

Sexual and Reproductive Health *Increased number of traditional and non-traditional organizations and sites promoting access to reproductive health information and services.

Over ten new organizations were involved in the Comprehensive Condom programme which focused on promoting increased knowledge of sexual and reproductive health including HIV prevention, behaviour change communication and access to male and female condoms. Among the partners in this initiative were the Bureau of Women's Affairs, Jamaica Council for Persons with Disabilities and the University of the West Indies Health Centre *Increase in the number of vulnerable groups accessing reproductive health services.

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The Directorate of Gender Affairs being aware of the issues impacting women in Antigua & Barbuda sought to address the reduction of STIs (including HIV) and unintended pregnancies through education and empowerment to promote the use of the Female Condom.  Three persons from Antigua & Barbuda were trained as UNFPA Master Trainers and CCP implementers; one of these trainers was from the Directorate of Gender Affairs. The Directorate was extremely interested in the promotion of the female condom among their clients, teaching them assertive negotiation and how to address issues impacting women in their personal lives and their sexual health.  They received 1000 Female Condoms at the beginning of the program [1] ; 989 were distributed and 11 were used for demonstration purposes.

 

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The interactions between HIV/AIDS and SRH are acknowledged at varying levels.  Their commonalities include similar root causes, transmission and management techniques.  Therefore linkages between core HIV and SRH services have been shown not only to be economically feasible, but also associated with numerous public health benefits.  Recommendations are therefore postulated for each health level: policy, systems and service provider levels. 

Full review

At the International Conference on Population on Development (ICPD) held in 1994 in Cairo, Egypt, industrialized and developing countries alike forged an inspiring and farsighted plan that integrated a wide range of population, development and human rights issues into a blueprint for 20 years of action.  Concrete goals of the ICPD centered on providing universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care, including family planning, assisted childbirth and prevention of sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS.  This year (2009) marks the 15th anniversery of the ICPD and reminds us of the five years remaining to fulfil the commitments made in Cairo.

 

 

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St. Vincent and the Grenadines has made remarkable achievement in health care over the past twenty years. Since the declaration of Health for all by the year 2000, at Alma Ata in 1978 the health indicators have shown significant improvement.  The natural growth rate of the population has fallen over this period from 2.8 to 2.4, the total fertility rate is 2.4 and the population grows at a rate of 0.13% per annum with a dependency ratio of 61%.  Life expectancy at birth has been estimated at 72 years and infant mortality rate is 16.3 percent per 1000 live births [1] . [1] MOHE, Draft Health Sector Strategic Plan, Pg.3

 

 

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The Caribbean is second only to sub-Saharan Africa in HIV & AIDS prevalence. Jamaica, the largest island in the English speaking Caribbean island has however been relentless in its efforts to stem the spread of the disease and in 2007 estimated that approximately 1.3% of the adult Jamaican population was infected with two-thirds being unaware of their status. Behavioural surveillance is part of the Ministry of Health’s ongoing efforts. This report documents the results of the 2008 National Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior and Practices (KABP) survey conducted among adults 15-49 years in the general public. This survey is conducted every 3-4 years as part of the behavioural surveillance conducted for HIV/AIDS in Jamaica in which global and country specific behavioural indicators and intervention efforts are monitored. This 2008 survey was commissioned under the Caribbean Social Marketing Programme for HIV & AIDS Prevention (CARISMA) programme funded by PANCAP and its partner, the German Development Bank (KfW).

Full review

The meaning and definition of sexual and reproductive health has evolved throughout the years. Today it is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes. Reproductive health therefore implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.

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The total population of St. Vincent and the Grenadines in 2001 was 106,253 with a urban rural ratio of 60:40. Women represented 49% to male 51% of the population.  In the year 2005 there were 26,966 women in the child- bearing age group (15 – 49), approximately 27% of the population.

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The Organization of Indigenous People of Suriname copped the top prize in the inaugural non-media category of the ninth staging of the United Nation’s Population Awards, for its efforts in monitoring the treatment of the Suriname indigenous community. 

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The meaning and definition of sexual and reproductive health has evolved throughout the years. Today it is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes. 

Full review

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