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The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Sub-Regional Office for the Caribbean/Barbados is working to strengthen the evidence base on adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health and rights in four countries: Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines.   The research presented in this document aims to generate new knowledge and provide the baseline data to inform the development of programmes to support adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health and rights. It also aims to inform UNFPA’s 2012 – 2016 programme of assistance to these English-speaking Windward Islands. The research comprises three components: Desk review; Consultations through interviews with key stakeholders; and Focus group discussions with young people.

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"Motherhood in childhood” offers a new perspective on adolescent pregnancy, looking not only at the girls’ behaviour as a cause of early pregnancy, but also at the actions of their families, communities and governments.   “Too often, society blames only the girl for getting pregnant,” said UNFPA Executive Director, Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin. “The reality is that adolescent pregnancy is most often not the result of a deliberate choice, but rather the absence of choices, and of circumstances beyond a girl’s control. It is a consequence of little or no access to school, employment, quality information and health care.”

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UNFPA TT Voice will be an annual publication that aims to provide a conduit of information through which UNFPA Trinidad and Tobago‘s Office (TTO) will update all actors on the work being done, not only by our office, but also, by our partners throughout T&T.

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To date, responses to the HIV epidemic by both the international development community and national governments are still primarily bio-medical. Specifically there is a concentration on treatment and care rather than on prevention and support services, which would both require increased emphasis on psycho-social programming for vulnerable groups.

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The milestone of 7 billion—projected to be reached on 31 October 2011 will be marked by achievements, setbacks and paradoxes. While women are on average having fewer children than they were in the 1960s, our numbers continue to rise. Globally, people are younger and older than ever before. In some of the poorest countries, high fertility rates hamper development and perpetuate poverty, while in some of the richest countries, low fertility rates and too few people entering the job market are raising concerns about prospects for sustained economic growth and the viability of social security systems.

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The tool - developed by IPPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP+, ICW and Young Positives in 2009 - supports national assessments of the bi-directional linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV at the policy, systems and services levels.

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The Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) has brought into sharp focus the need for governments to place priority attention on ageing issues, particularly within the context of policy and legislation. One hundred and fifty nine (159) countries were represented at the Second World Assembly on Ageing in Madrid Spain in 2002, and became signatories to the Political Declaration and Action on Ageing Plan. Nearly a decade later it becomes necessary for the United Nations as the arbiter of the Plan to undertake an assessment of country achievements. Importantly, respective signatories must self-assess themselves to determine successes and shortfalls, as well as outstanding principles that have yet to be adhered to or facilitated. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) as an international development agency which promotes the right of all peoples to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity has commissioned a situation analysis of older persons in Jamaica. As a signatory to the MIPAA, the report is a timely and necessary intervention for Jamaica as the country forges ahead with its first comprehensive long term national development plan, Vision 2030 Jamaica. Much of the analysis is therefore set within the framework of policies, programmes, and legislation which have and will impact older persons issues across all sectors and industries. The report undertakes an assessment of what obtained prior to the MIPAA; however there is considerable focus on the extent to which Jamaica has managed to adhere to the declarations contained within the Plan of Action on Ageing. 

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Parliamentarians from across the Caribbean met in Jamaica November 9-10, 2011 for a Regional Consultation of Parliamentarians on Preventing Gender-based Violence under the theme “Building Political Will to End Gender-Based Violence.” The objectives of the meeting were to increase awareness of gender based violence and violence against women among parliamentarians and to build political will among them to take actions to end this violation of human rights.
The meeting was coordinated by the Jamaica-based, UNFPA -Caribbean Sub Regional Office in collaboration with UN Women, the Inter-American Parliamentary Group on Population and Development (IAPG), the Caribbean Network of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (CNPPD), and the CARICOM Secretariat.

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The spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—a pathogen transmitted in most cases by sexual activity—is a clear example of the urgency of tackling the issue of sexuality head on and understanding how it relates to the health and well-being of women and men and the population as a whole. 

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The average life expectancy at birth in 2006 was 65 for males and 74 for females. The national poverty rate has increased, from 33% in 2001 to 41.3% in 2010. In 2005, the maternal mortality ratio was 134 per 100,000 live births with 60% of deaths due to eclampsia. The proportion of under-five and under one deaths occurring in the neonatal period is at 40 and 60% respectively, similarly to other Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries. Belize is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Millennium Development Goals. 

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