Suriname

GENERAL INFORMATION SURINAME

 Map of Suriname

 Suriname, officially Republic of Suriname, 63,037 sq mi (163,266 sq km), located in North East South America. The capital is Paramaribo, which is situated on the Suriname River.

 

The government Form is a Parliamentary democracy with a 51-member National Assembly. 

Suriname is a very diverse society that comprises more than eight different ethnic groups speaking more than 15 languages. 

 A fifth of the population is below 8 years of age, with 37% of the population being below 18 years of age. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country Indicators:

 

Value

Year 

Total population

524,143

2011

Maternal Mortality Ratio

122.5

2009

Neonatal Mortality Ratio

16

2009

Adolescent birth rate

62.4

2009

Total fertility rate 

2.4

2006

Contraceptive prevalence rate

45.6%

2006

Antenatal care coverage 

90%

2009

Births attended by skilled health personnel 

90%

2009

Availability of comprehensive essential obstetric care 

5 facilities

2011

Unmet need for family planning 

18.4 %

2006

Prevalence of HIV infection in pregnant women 

1.0 %

2009

% of pregnant women tested for HIV

84%

2009



 Source: NHIS/MOH 2011

 

Suriname and the UN signed the UNDAF 2012-2016 on Wednesday February 15, 2012. In 2010 the Human Development Index (HDI) ranked Suriname 94 out of 182 countries (86th in 2005), while in 2011 it ranges at 104 in the ‘Medium Human Development’ country category. 

 

 YOUTH/ EDUCATION

UNFPA Suriname Staff

 

 

 

 

Country-wide, the net enrolment rate in primary education is high (97%) but serious disparities exist between schools in the coastal and rural areas and the interior. The national gender parity index for primary school is 1.00. Nationwide, 49% of all secondary school aged children (aged 12-17 years) are enrolled in secondary school, the gender disparity becoming evident (44% of boys and 54% of girls). Less than 10% of university aged youth attends the country’s only university. Vocational training opportunities are extremely limited and the comparatively high cost of pursuing such opportunities means few school leavers (“drop-outs”) can pursue them. 

The adolescent birth rate has been fluctuating for the past 20 years, but has been showing a slight but steady increase in the past few years, In 2009, the ABR was 62.2 births to women 15 to 19 years of age per 1,000 women in that age group.

 

 

 

Progress on related MDG’s: Investments have been made in building and renovating schools and houses for the teachers in the interior to expand education opportunities.

Training interventions for staff, new curricula and other programs have contributed to a decrease in the percentage of repe

 

 

aters in the past two to three years.

 

Suriname is mostly on track to achieve MDG’s 3 to MDG 6 at the national level while progress remains challenging in terms of MDG 1, 2, 7 and 8.

 

The Office has been working with the Ministry of Youth and Sports during the past years on the inclusion of SRH issues in the Youth Policy and the upgrading and expansion of the Programme for Teenage Mothers and with FBO’s on SRH education sessions for youth from FBO’s.

 

MATERNAL HEALTH/GENDER EQUALITY

 

 

The MDG 2010 update report mentions the following results regarding MDG3:  In order to enhance employment among women, government and NGO’s set up employment projects for women to teach skills that are required in the formal sector. Taking into consideration the growth in the representation of women in the National Parliament since 1987 till 2005, it can be stated that Suriname is on track. At district level Suriname has already reached the minimum benchmark of 30% of the UN. The number of women parliamentarians is now 25%.

 

 

 

MDG 5: Achievements

Safe Motherhood Needs Assessment is finalized, Plan of Action to reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is in preparation; and A Sexual and Reproduction Health policy is being drafted and will be finalized soon.  The Office has provided assistance to the Family Health Department on the development of the SMNH Plan of Action, the review of the SRH Policy, development of Protocols for Safe Motherhood and IEC material on Safe Motherhood. On gender: contributed to review of laws that restrict equity; contribution to training of gender machineries, contribution to establishment of facility for battered women.

HIV

The HIV-prevalence among pregnant women aged 15 – 24 years has remained steady at 1.0% (In 2008, young people aged 25-29 were the age group with highest number of new HIV infections, and girls and young women were disproportionately affected. The 2010 UNGASS report shows a slight decrease in the percentage of young p

 

eople aged 15-24 living with HIV from 1.0% in 2006 to 0.9% in 2009.  General HIV prevalence is 1.0%

 

 

Achievements according to MDG report:

All registered HIV+ persons are centrally processed via the National AIDS Programme. As a result, there is a reliable overview of the number of HIV+ persons at the national level.

 A number of sero-prevalence studies have been done and based on this, a number of risk groups have been identified, specifically: commercial street sex workers; MSM; visitors of the STI clinic.

The screening of pregnant women has been started in all hospitals since 2003. Currently 84% of pregnant women are being tested for HIV. 

 

Suriname Office has partnered with the NAP and NGO’s working among SW-ers and MSM to implement prevention interventions and alternative income generating programmes for SW-ers.

 

UNFPA began providing cooperation in Suriname in 1985.  The current staffing of the Office: 

 Assistant Representative, HIV Officer, Programme Assistant, Programme Driver 

 

 

 

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